Periodontal TherapyAn Overview
Gum disease is a common dental health concern that left untreated can impact a patients systemic health. Children and adults and susceptible to developing gum disease and should take precautionary measures to prevent the spread of disease-causing bacteria. Good oral hygiene, a healthy diet, and biannual dental cleanings help keep gums healthy.
Gum disease does not discriminate, everyone is at risk of developing periodontal disease. There are certain risk factors that increase your risk of gum disease. Patient with higher risk factors for gum disease may consider visiting the dentist more often for cleanings to help control the spread of bacteria.
Common Risk Factors for Gum Disease:
- Poor nutrition
- Poor oral hygiene
- Smoking or tobacco use
- Genetic predisposition
- Certain medications
- Hormonal changes (pregnancy or menopause)
Gum disease is often called a “silent disease”. Gum disease often does not show any signs or symptoms until the later stages of the disease. The best way to prevent the progression of gum disease is by visiting the dentist at least twice a year. Routine dental cleanings help manage oral bacteria preventing additional damage to the gums, teeth, and jaw.
Common Symptoms of Gum Disease:
- Red, swollen or sore gums
- Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
- Mouth sores or pus between gums and teeth
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Changes in the fit of dentures
Left untreated gum disease develops into periodontal disease. At this stage, bacteria can spread to the bloodstream causing a chain reaction of systemic health complications. Patients with late stages of gum disease commonly have a higher risk of tooth loss, diabetes, heart attacks, cardiovascular disease, and other serious health conditions.